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Health and Wellbeing

Only 17% of men and 13%of women aged 65-74 take sufficient exercise to meet international guidelines of half an hour 's moderate exercise on at least five days a week, these figures drop  dramatically to 8% of men and 3% of women 75 and over, eyt ths a growing demographic. ( source Healthy Ageing Evidence Review)

Although exercise and physical activity are among the healthiest things you can do for yourself, some older adults are reluctant to exercise. Some are afraid that exercise will be too hard or that physical activity will harm them. Others might think they have to join a gym or have special equipment. Yet, studies show that "taking it easy" is risky. For the most part, when older people lose their ability to do things on their own, it doesn't happen just because they've aged. It's usually because they're not active. Lack of physical activity also can lead to more visits to the doctor, more hospitalizations, and more use of medicines for a variety of illnesses.

Scientists have found that staying physically active and exercising regularly can help prevent or delay many diseases and disabilities. In some cases, exercise is an effective treatment for many chronic conditions. For example, studies show that people with arthritis, heart disease, or diabetes benefit from regular exercise. Exercise also helps people with high blood pressure, balance problems, or difficulty walking.

Activities that improve muscle strength in your legs, arms, back, shoulders and chest are particularly important as you get older. They can make it easier to get up out of a chair,
and because they improve your posture, co-ordination and
balance, they’re an effective way to reduce the risk of falling. Moving about less can make you more prone to falling as
your leg muscles become weaker.
The kinds of activities that will help your strength and balance are:
• using the stairs frequently, if it’s safe for you to do so

• slowly and repeatedly rising to a standing position from
a chair

• playing badminton, or taking part in ballroom dancing,
yoga, or walking

•taking part in special strength and balance exercise classes,
tai chi classes or exercise to music classes

Exercises that improve your balance – often known as
balance training – can be especially helpful if you have an illness that causes joint pain as they help overcome stiffness and unsteadiness. Best of all, they can make it easier to get out and about without needing to have someone with you. So tailored exercise targetting areas for improvement that have identified provide greater benefits.

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